Guinea worm disease, also known as dracunculiasis or dracontiasis, is a parasitic infection caused by the Guinea worm (Dracunculus medinensis).
It is transmitted when people drink stagnant water contaminated with parasite-infected water fleas.
Symptoms include an intensely painful blister on the skin, which eventually bursts to form an intensely painful open wound.
Treatment includes oral antivirals, antimalarials, and antivirals, and the disease is usually treated with topical corticosteroids.
The female worm can grow up to 80 centimetres (31 inches) in length, while the longest recorded male Guinea worm is only 4 cm (1+1⁄2 in).
Guinea worm disease, a neglected tropical disease (NTD), is caused by the parasite Dracunculus medinensis . The disease affects poor communities in remote parts of Africa that do not have safe water to drink. There is neither a drug treatment for Guinea worm disease nor a vaccine to prevent it
CDC - Guinea Worm - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Dracunculiasis is a crippling parasitic disease on the verge of eradication, with 27 human cases reported in 2020. It is transmitted mostly when people drink stagnant water contaminated with parasite-infected water fleas, and is rarely fatal. Prevention strategies include heightening surveillance, preventing transmission from each worm by treatment, and regular cleaning and bandaging of affected areas of skin until the worm is completely expelled from the body.
Dracunculiasis (guinea-worm disease) - World Health Organization
What is Guinea Worm Disease? Considered a neglected tropical disease, Guinea worm disease (dracunculiasis) is a parasitic infection caused by the nematode roundworm parasite Dracunculus medinensis. It is contracted when…
Guinea Worm Eradication Program at The Carter Center
Dracunculiasis , also called Guinea-worm disease, is a parasitic infection by the Guinea worm, Dracunculus medinensis. A person becomes infected by drinking water containing water fleas infected with guinea worm larvae. The worms penetrate the digestive tract and escape into the body. Around a year later, the adult worm migrates to an exit site – usually a lower limb – and induces an intensely painful blister on the skin. The blister eventually bursts to form an intensely painful open wound, from which the long (up to 1 m) white string-like worm slowly crawls over several weeks. The wound remains painful throughout the worm's emergence, disabling the infected person for the three to ten weeks it takes the worm to emerge. During this time, the open wound can become infected with bacteria, leading to death in around 1% of cases.
Dracunculiasis - Wikipedia
Guinea worm disease, also known as dracunculiasis or dracontiasis, is an infection in humans caused by the guinea worm (Dracunculus medinensis). It is a relatively rare disease, isolated to just a handful of countries in Africa, but can be treated with antibiotics and antivirals. Treatment includes oral antivirals, antimalarials, and antivirals, and the disease is usually treated with topical corticosteroids.
Guinea worm disease | Definition, Infection, Treatment, & Eradication
Disease Symptoms. People with Guinea worm disease (GWD) have no symptoms for about 1 year. Then, the person begins to feel ill. Complications. In addition to the pain of the…
CDC - Guinea Worm Disease - Disease