Cognitive dissonance is a state of discomfort felt when two or more modes of thought contradict each other.
It can be experienced as psychological stress when a person's beliefs or values clash with their actions.
It can be caused by conflicting beliefs, values, or actions
, and can be influenced by the importance attached to each belief.
It can make people feel uneasy and uncomfortable
, and can lead to unhealthy behaviors or poor decisions.
Cognitive dissonance can be resolved by changing beliefs, values, or actions.
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Signs of Cognitive Dissonance: Everyone experiences cognitive dissonance to some degree but that doesn't mean that it is always easy to recognize. Some signs that what you are feeling might be related to dissonance include: 1. Feeling uncomfortable before doing something or making a decision 2. Trying to justify or rationalize a decision you've made or action you have taken 3. F...
Examples of Cognitive Dissonance: What does this inconsistency-related discomfort look like in everyday life? Here are just a few cognitive dissonance examples that you may notice in your own: 1. You want to be healthy, but you don't exercise regularly or eat a nutritious diet. You feel guilty as a result. 2. You know that smoking (or drinking too much) is harmful to your health, b...
Causes of Cognitive Dissonance: There are a number of different situations that can create conflicts that lead to cognitive dissonance.
What Influences Cognitive Dissonance?: The degree of dissonance experienced can depend on a few different factors. Among them are how highly a particular belief is valued and the degree to which the beliefs are inconsistent. The overall strength of the dissonance can also be influenced by several factors, including:3 1. The importance attached to each belief. Cognitions that are more pe...
How Cognitive Dissonance Feels: Cognitive dissonance can make people feel uneasy and uncomfortable. This is particularly true if the disparity between their beliefs and behaviors involves something that is central to their sense of self. For example, behaving in ways that are not aligned with your personal values may result in intense feelings of discomfort. Your behavior contrad...
Impact of Cognitive Dissonance: Because people want to avoid discomfort, cognitive dissonance can have a wide range of effects. Dissonance can play a role in how we act, think, and make decisions. We may engage in behaviors or adopt attitudes to help relieve the discomfort caused by the conflict. Some things that a person might do to cope with these feelings include: 1. Adopting ...
Dealing with Cognitive Dissonance: When there are conflicts between cognitions(thoughts, beliefs, and opinions), people will take steps to reduce the dissonance and feelings of discomfort. They can go about this a few different ways.
Potential Pitfalls of Cognitive Dissonance: Sometimes, the ways that people resolve cognitive dissonance contribute to unhealthy behaviors or poor decisions. In "A Theory of Cognitive Dissonance," Leon Festinger (the psychologist who first described this phenomenon) gives an example of how a person might deal with dissonance related to a health behavior by discussing individuals who continue...
History of Cognitive Dissonance: Leon Festinger first proposed the theory of cognitive dissonance, centered on how people try to reach internal consistency.4He suggested that people have an inner need to ensure that their beliefs and behaviors are consistent. Inconsistent or conflicting beliefs lead to disharmony, which people strive to avoid. In his 1957 book, "A Theory of Cognit...
A Word from Verywell: Cognitive dissonance plays a role in many value judgments, decisions, and evaluations. Becoming aware of how conflicting beliefs impact the decision-making process is a great way to improve your ability to make faster and more accurate choices.5
What Is Cognitive Dissonance? Definition and Examples - Verywell Mind
Paradigms [ edit] Belief disconfirmation [ edit]. The contradiction of a belief, ideal, or system of values causes cognitive dissonance... Induced compliance [ edit]. After performing dissonant behavior ( lying)…
Cognitive dissonance - Wikipedia
Cognitive dissonance is the discomfort a person feels when their behavior does not align with their values or beliefs. It can also occur when a person holds two contradictory beliefs at the same time.
Cognitive dissonance is not a disease or illness. It is a psychological phenomenon that can happen to anyone.
Cognitive dissonance: Definition, effects, and examples
This is cognitive dissonance—a mental conflict that occurs when your beliefs don’t line up with your actions. “It’s an uncomfortable state of mind when someone has contradictory values, attitudes, or perspectives about the same thing,” says psychiatrist Grant H.
Cognitive Dissonance: What It Is & Why It Matters - Psycom
The cognitive part may include thoughts about a lack of meaning and purpose, death, and indecision. The behavioral part may include inaction, conduct resulting in the loss of relationships, addictive…
Cognitive dissonance | Definition & Facts | Britannica