# benford s law

## Summary

Benford's Law states that in many real-life sets of numerical data, the leading digit is likely to be small. This has been observed to be true 30.1% of the time for the numeral 1, 17.6% of the time for the numeral 2, and with decreasing frequency for the subsequent numerals 3 through 9. 1 It is used to detect fraud and error by making predictions about what the second, third and subsequent leading digits will be, as well as the probabilities for certain number combinations. 2 3

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## Summaries from the best pages on the web

Summary Benford's law , also known as the Newcomb–Benford law , the law of anomalous numbers , or the first-digit law , is an observation that in many real-life sets of numerical data , the leading digit is likely to be small.
Benford's law - Wikipedia
wikipedia.org

A phenomenological law also called the first digit law, first digit phenomenon, or leading digit phenomenon. Benford's law states that in listings, tables of ...
Benford's Law -- from Wolfram MathWorld
wolfram.com

Summary Briefly explained, Benford's Law maintains that the numeral 1 will be the leading digit in a genuine data set of numbers 30.1% of the time; the numeral 2 will be the leading digit 17.6% of the time; and each subsequent numeral, 3 through 9, will be the leading digit with decreasing frequency.
Using Excel and Benford’s Law to detect fraud - Journal of Accountancy
journalofaccountancy.com

But there is another law of numbers which does not get much attention but pops up… ... We discuss a little-known gem for data analytics — Benford’s law, ...
What is Benford’s Law and why is it important for data science? | by Tirthajyoti Sarkar | Towards Data Science
towardsdatascience.com

Summary Benford's Law is a probability distribution for the likelihood of the first digit in a set of numbers, which is used to detect fraud and error. It was first studied by astronomer Simon Newcomb and developed by French mathematician Henri Poincaré, and is used to make predictions about what the second, third and subsequent leading digits will be as well as the probabilities for certain number combinations. The law is used to make predictions about what the second, third and subsequent leading digits will be as well as the probabilities for certain number combinations, and is used to make predictions about what the second, third and subsequent leading digits will be as well as the probabilities for certain number combinations.
Benford's Law (The First Digit Law): Simple Definition, Examples - Statistics How To
statisticshowto.com

Benford's law is an observation about the leading digits of the numbers found in real-world data sets. Intuitively, one might expect that the leading digits of ...
Benford's Law | Brilliant Math & Science Wiki
brilliant.org

Social media users have been sharing posts that say a mathematical rule called Benford’s Law provides clear proof of fraud in the U.S. presidential election. ...
Fact check: Deviation from Benford’s Law does not prove election fraud | Reuters
reuters.com

One of the more sophisticated examples of this strategy spreading online involves citation of “Benford’s Law”.
Vote Data Patterns used to Delegitimize the Election Results — Election Integrity Partnership
eipartnership.net

Understanding and Applying Benford's Law. Article describes what Benford’s Law is, when it could apply, & what constraints to consider applying to an IT ...
Understanding and Applying Benford’s Law
isaca.org

Benford’s Law can be a tricky concept to grasp at first, but it provides an extra method for fraud examiners to test data for potentially fraudulent ...
What Is Benford's Law and Why Do Fraud Examiners Use It? — ACFE Insights
acfeinsights.com

Benford’s law and the 2020 US presidential election: nothing out of the ordinary votes look suspicious because they don’t adhere to “Benford’s law “.
Benford’s law and the 2020 US presidential election: nothing out of the ordinary – Physics World
physicsworld.com

Don't cheat with numbers, they can give you away. So says Benford's Law. How often would you expect a "1" to be the first digit in a set of numbers?
First Digits Rule! (Benford's Law)
mathsisfun.com