Allopurinol reduces levels of uric acid in the blood and urine by inhibiting an enzyme called xanthine oxidase.
It is used to prevent or lower high uric acid levels in the blood and to prevent or lower excess uric acid levels caused by cancer medicines or in patients with kidney stones.
Tests to diagnose gout may include joint fluid test and blood test to measure the levels of uric acid and creatinine.
Treatment for gout usually involves medications and lifestyle changes such as limiting alcoholic beverages and drinks sweetened with fruit sugar, and limiting intake of purine-rich foods.
See more results on Neeva
Summaries from the best pages on the web
Allopurinol : a medicine to treat gout - NHS Home Medicines A to Z Allopurinol Zyloric, Uricto Find out how allopurinol treats gout and how to take it. About allopurinol Who…
Allopurinol: a medicine to treat gout - NHS
Diagnosis: Tests to help diagnose gout may include: 1. Joint fluid test.Your doctor may use a needle to draw fluid from your affected joint. Urate crystals may be visible when the fluid is examined under a microscope. 2. Blood test.Your doctor may recommend a blood test to measure the levels of uric acid and creatinine in your blood. Blood test results can be...
Treatment: Treatment for gout usually involves medications. What medications you and your doctor choose will be based on your current health and your own preferences. Gout medications can be used to treat acute attacks and prevent future attacks. Medications can also reduce your risk of complications from gout, such as the development of tophi from urate crys...
Lifestyle and Home Remedies: Medications are often the most effective way to treat acute gout and can prevent recurrent attacks of gout. However, making certain lifestyle changes also are important, such as: 1. Limiting alcoholic beverages and drinks sweetened with fruit sugar (fructose). Instead, drink plenty of nonalcoholic beverages, especially water. 2. Limiting intake of ...
Alternative Medicine: If gout treatments aren't working as well as you'd hoped, you may be interested in trying an alternative approach. Before trying such a treatment on your own, talk with your doctor — to weigh the benefits and risks and learn whether the treatment might interfere with your gout medication. Because there isn't a lot of research on alternative therapi...
Preparing For Your Appointment: Make an appointment with your doctor if you have symptoms that are common to gout. After an initial examination, your doctor may refer you to a specialist in the diagnosis and treatment of arthritis and other inflammatory joint conditions (rheumatologist). Here's some information to help you get ready for your appointment, and what to expect from y...
Gout - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
Allopurinol is in a class of medications called xanthine oxidase inhibitors. It works by reducing the production of uric acid in the body. High levels of uric acid may cause…
Allopurinol: MedlinePlus Drug Information
As a xanthine oxidase inhibitor, allopurinol (Zyloprim) impairs the conversion of hypoxanthine to xanthine and the conversion of xanthine to uric acid . The effect of the drug depends on the…
Diagnosis and Management of Gout | AAFP