Aliphatic hydrocarbons are hydrocarbons based on chains of C atoms, divided into three types: alkanes, alkenes, and alkynes. Alkanes are hydrocarbons with only single covalent bonds
, alkenes contain at least one C–C double bond
, and alkynes contain a C–C triple bond.
Aliphatic compounds can be saturated, like hexane
, or unsaturated, like hexene and hexyne.
Open-chain compounds, whether straight or branched, and which contain no rings of any type, are always aliphatic.
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In organic chemistry, hydrocarbons arranged in open chains. Compound structures composed mainly of carbon chains are divided into two classes: aromatic compounds (cyclic chains - i.e. "rings") or aliphatic compounds (open chains - either straight or branched) (/ˌælɪˈfætɪk/; G. aleiphar, fat, oil). Aliphatic compounds can be saturated, like hexane, or unsaturated, like hexene and hexyne. Open-chain compounds, whether straight or branched, and which contain no rings of any type, are always aliphatic. Cyclic compounds can be aliphatic if they are not aromatic.
Aliphatic compound - Wikipedia
An aliphatic compound is a hydrocarbon compound containing carbon and hydrogen joined together in straight chains, branched trains or non-aromatic rings. Aliphatic compounds may be saturated (e.g., hexane and other…
Aliphatic Hydrocarbon - Chemistry Definition - ThoughtCo
Aliphatic hydrocarbons are hydrocarbons that do not contain aromatic rings. They are made entirely of carbon and hydrogen atoms. They can be saturated or unsaturated hydrocarbons . They can...
What are Aliphatic Hydrocarbons? - Study.com
The two main categories of hydrocarbons are aliphatic (straight chain structures, such as propane) and aromatic (cyclic structures, such as toluene). Hydrocarbons can also have multiple nonorganic side chains. For…
Aliphatic Hydrocarbon - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics